General information: First Jewish presence: late 18th century; peak Jewish population: 59 in 1861 (approximately 7% of the total population); Jewish population in 1933: 21
Summary: By 1861, most local Jews were cattle traders and shopkeepers. Burials were conducted at the Altengronau cemetery, which had been consecrated in the 17th century. Records suggest that Lohrhaupten’s synagogue, built in the center of town in 1869, replaced a prayer room. The community also maintained a charitable organization, a mikveh and a school, the last of which was presided over by a teacher who, at times, served as shochet and chazzan. In 1933, 21 Jews still lived in Lohrhaupten. As a result of increasing oppression, many of them emigrated from or relocated in Germany during the following years. On Pogrom Night, rioters damaged the synagogue building and broke its windows. The building was used as a storage site until the 1970s, when it was pulled down to make room for garages. As of this writing, a memorial has not been erected in Lohrhaupten. At least 18 Lohrhaupten Jews were murdered in the Shoah.
Author / Sources: Heike Zaun Goshen
Sources: AH, AJ, EJL
Located in: hesse