General information: First Jewish presence: 18th century; peak Jewish population: 89 in 1861; Jewish population in 1933: 35
Summary: The Jewish community of Nieder-Mockstadt, founded in 1806, apparently conducted services in a prayer room until 1836, when a synagogue was built at 1, Orlesstrasse. The Jews of Staden and Nieder-Mockstadt maintained a Jewish school in the early 19th century; beginning in 1912, the communities of Nieder-Mockstadt, Nidda and Geiss- Nidda ran a teacher’s association together. A new cemetery was consecrated in Nieder-Mockstadt in 1880, a new mikveh in 1906. In 1933, a chevra kadisha was active in the community. SA men destroyed the interior of the synagogue on Pogrom Night (November 1938); furniture and ritual objects were burned outside, and Jewish homes were ransacked. A Jewish man was beaten and detained at the fire-station, from where he and his brother were later sent to Buchenwald. Nine Jews emigrated and 30 relocated within Germany. One Jew lived in Nieder-Mockstadt in 1942, and was deported to Theresienstadt in September of that year. At least nine Nieder-Mockstadt Jews perished in the Shoah. The synagogue building, bought by the locality in 1941 for 400 Reichsmarks (its value was estimated at 2,400 Reichsmarks), was later converted into a warehouse for firefighting equipment. A memorial plaque was affixed to the building in the 1990s. At the time of this writing, the municipality was raising funds for the restoration of the synagogue.
Author / Sources: Esther Sarah Evans
Sources: AJ, PK-HNF
Located in: hesse