General information: First Jewish presence: 1779; peak Jewish population: 110 in 1880 (12.9% of the total population); Jewish population in 1933: 48
Summary: The Jewish community of Schoellkrippen established a synagogue at 4-6 Laudenbachstrasse, in 1826; the building housed a schoolroom and an apartment for a teacher, who also functioned as chazzan and shochet. The community was able to maintain a mikveh, but buried its dead in Schweinheim. In 1933, three Jewish schoolchildren studied religion in Schoellkrippen. Two chevra kadisha organizations (one for men, the other for women) were active that year. In November 1934, windows in the synagogue and Jewish houses were broken, after which the community boarded up the synagogue’s windows and transferred the Torah scrolls to private homes. The High Holiday services of October 1935 were held under police protection. On Pogrom Night, the synagogue was blown up after rioters destroyed its interior, its furniture and ritual objects. Jewish homes were ransacked and looted, and four Jews were deported: two to Dachau, and two to Buchenwald (where one died). Six Jews immigrated to the United States. Those 44 Jews who still lived in Schoellkrippen on Pogrom Night moved to Frankfurt shortly afterwards, taking with them the Torah scrolls. At least four Schoellkrippen Jews perished in the Shoah. A printing house was later built on the former synagogue site.
Author / Sources: Nurit Borut
Located in: bavaria